Hepatitis C is a liver disease brought on by the hepatitis C virus: the virus can induce both chronic and acute hepatitis, fluctuating in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, lifelong illness.
The hepatitis C virus is a bloodborne virus and the most common modes of infection are through exposure to small quantities of blood. This may happen through injection drug use, unsafe injection practices, unsafe health care, and the transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products.
Globally, an estimated 71 million people have chronic hepatitis C infection.
A considerable number of those who are chronically infected will develop cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Approximately 399 000 people die annually from hepatitis C, mostly from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Antiviral treatments can cure more than 95% of persons with hepatitis C infection, in doing so reducing the possibility of death from liver cancer and cirrhosis, but availability to diagnosis and treatment is low.
There is presently no vaccine for hepatitis C; however research in this area is recurring.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes both chronic and acute infection. Acute HCV infection is typically asymptomatic, and is only very almost never (if ever) linked with life-threatening disease. About 15-- 45% of infected persons spontaneously clear the virus within 6 months of infection with no treatment.
The remaining 60-- 80% of persons will get chronic HCV infection. Of those with chronic HCV infection, the risk of cirrhosis of the liver is between 15-- 30% within 20 years.
Your liver is your largest internal organ and your body's workhorse. Among its many jobs are converting food into fuel, processing fat from your blood, clearing harmful toxins, and making proteins that help your blood clot. Yet this painstaking, supersized organ is susceptible to an often hard-to-diagnose and dangerous condition called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD.
Liver disease - Fatty Liver.
NAFLD is defined as the existence of fat in more than 5% of liver cells. It is the most frequent liver disease and affects up to 25% of American adults, 60% of whom are men.
The disease increases your risk of heart disease and left untreated, NAFLD also can result in an inflamed liver, a condition called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
As many as 40% of people with NAFLD develop NASH. NASH can bring about scarring of the liver; severe scarring, called cirrhosis, increases your risk of liver cancer.
A growing problem.
Although drinking an excessive amount alcohol can cause fat escalation in the liver, NAFLD affects people who consume little or no alcohol.
Instead, the main offender is excessive weight-- which causes extra fat to get stored in the liver-- and is associated with dyslipidemia (abnormally high LDL cholesterol levels, low get more info HDL levels, or both), high blood pressure, and diabetes.
Fatty Liver & Obesity
As the number of overweight people has increased, so too has the prevalence of NAFLD. "Much of this can be attributed to a habitual diet of more processed foods and high amounts of carbohydrates, along with more sedentary lifestyles," says Dr. Kathleen Corey, director of the more info Fatty Liver Disease Clinic at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital. She adds that some people with fatty livers have none of these enlarged liver symptoms risk factors, which suggests that genes can play an important role.
Eating healthy and balanced
Cultivating healthy eating habits isn't as confusing or as limiting as many people imagine. The fundamental steps are to eat mostly foods derived from plants-- vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes (beans, peas, lentils)-- and limit highly processed foods. Kickoff on your healthy diet by following the links in this article.